comparative advantage


comparative advantage
The relative efficiency in a particular economic activity of an individual or group of individuals over another economic activity, compared to another individual or group. One of the fundamental propositions of economics is that if individuals or groups specialize in activities in which their comparative advantage lies, then there are gains from trade. This proposition, first outlined by David Ricardo (1772–1823), is one of the main arguments for free trade and against such restrictions as tariffs and quotas.

Accounting dictionary. 2014.

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  • Comparative advantage — Economics …   Wikipedia

  • comparative advantage — Theory suggesting that specialization by countries can increase worldwide production. Bloomberg Financial Dictionary * * * comparative advantage comparative advantage ➔ advantage * * * comparative advantage UK US noun ECONOMICS ► [C] an advantage …   Financial and business terms

  • Comparative Advantage —    The idea of “comparative advantage” is a principal component of the doctrine of free trade; it was articulated most coherently in The Principles of Political Economy, published in 1819 by the economist David Ricardo. Developing ideas on… …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • comparative advantage — Economic theory first advanced by Robert Torrens and David Ricardo that analyzes international trade in terms of differences in relative opportunity costs. The theory suggests that countries should specialize in the goods they can produce most… …   Universalium

  • Comparative Advantage — A situation in which a country, individual, company or region can produce a good at a lower opportunity cost than a competitor. Let s break this down into a simple example. Suppose that two firms both produce two main products: ice cream and… …   Investment dictionary

  • comparative advantage — santykinis pranašumas statusas T sritis Politika apibrėžtis Valstybės ekonomikos gebėjimas efektyviau negu kitose šalyse gaminti prekes ar teikti kitas paslaugas. Kertinė laisvos tarptautinės prekybos pagrindimo koncepcija, ją suformulavo britų… …   Politikos mokslų enciklopedinis žodynas

  • comparative advantage — noun : the advantage enjoyed by a person or country in the cost ratio of one commodity to another in comparison with the ratio of costs of these same commodities elsewhere …   Useful english dictionary

  • comparative advantage —   the idea that areas tend to be more efficient in certain economic activities than others and so should specialise in them in order to maximize their quality of life through trade …   Geography glossary

  • comparative advantage — relative benefit, something which is beneficial when compared to the other options …   English contemporary dictionary

  • comparative advantage — noun Economics the ability of an individual or group to carry out a particular economic activity more efficiently than another activity …   English new terms dictionary